Referencing Images Harvard Style Bibliography

Artistic images

The format for creating a Harvard reference for an artistic image is:

ARTIST(S), Year. Title of work [material designation]. At: Location

In text example:

As can be seen in the painting Dancing lesson (Degas 1880).

Reference list example:

DEGAS, E., 1880. Dancing lesson [oil on canvas]. At: Williamstown, Massachusetts: Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute (no.562)

Electronic images

The format for creating a Harvard reference for an electronic image is:

ORIGINATOR(S), Year. Title of image or a description [digital image] [viewed date]. Available from: URL Filename including extension

In text example:

In Iman and Bowie (Malafronte 1999), the photographer captured...

Reference list example:

MALAFRONTE, V., 1999. Iman and Bowie [digital image] [viewed 23 June 2005]. Available from: jk8490-001.jpg

Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in Harvard style

Use the following template to cite a online image or video using the Harvard citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Harvard style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published). Title. [Format] Available at: http://Website URL [Accessed Date Accessed].


Lectica, Inc, (2014). Validity. [image] Available at: [Accessed 19 Oct. 2014].

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


Construct validity is usually thought of as the degree to which assessments measure what they are designed to measure, but since our assessments do much more than provide a score, we think of construct validity more broadly—as the degree to which our assessments accomplish what they are designed to accomplish. (Lectica, Inc, 2014)

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Cite A Online image or video in Harvard style

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