The Literary Elements Summer Reading Club posed this question to participants: What is your favorite genre, and why? Here are some of the answers…
“Contemporary Fiction/Novels:It helps to see ordinary people navigating through life and relationships.”
“Fiction:Of course, like any fiction lover, I love being transplanted somewhere else. I love seeing characters develop and especially enjoy the connection when an author captures a feeling, place or experience I can relate to directly.”
“Mysteries/Suspense:I love guessing and trying to find out who did it.”
“I tend to enjoy thephilosophical genre most when reading. I think I like it because it generally includes many stories that touch on the functions of people and their roles in society. It covers much about ethics and morals and the experiences of many.”
“Mysteries:I like a plot that has some suspense to it, and an element of surprise. I like the setting to be pre-WWII.”
“746.43: I like to keep up with the latest in knitting techniques and styles.”
“While I enjoy fiction of all types, I always like to read a goodmystery novel. I like mysteries both set in modern times or historical. It’s fun to decipher the clues, see what you missed in reading, and come to a satisfying conclusion.”
“My favorite genre isrealistic fiction. For example, any works by Alexander McCall Smith are amazing—especially the No. 1 Ladies Detective Series, because the characters are relatable and I also learn about new places. The series takes place in Botswana, so I feel like I get a cultural lesson each time!”
“Romance: I love love.”
“My favorite genre isfantasy. Books like Game of Thrones and Lord of the Rings I greatly enjoy and could read multiple times. The back story, history, names, fantasy elements and story are unforgettable and resonate well after you’re finished putting it down. The way I would describe it is ‘completely delectable’. “
“Mystery novelsideally have both the characters and atmosphere of fiction, and the intrigue of figuring out the plot’s secret.”
“Humorous fiction:everyone needs a good laugh.”
“Fiction:because I like getting into a different world and immersed in someone else’s life/situation.”
“I likeliterary fiction. These books are intriguing, give me something to think about and introduce me to interesting people and places. Examples: Stoner, by John Williams, describes the life of a college professor beginning with his life on a farm, spanning the era of WWI and ending with his death. It’s an amazing story.”
Since I retired, I now have time to read for pleasure. I discoveredMysteries!I especially like those with cat themes, cooking/baking themes, and needlework themes. It’s great if I find a series, and I like to read the books in order. For example, ‘The Cat Who…’ series by Lillian Jackson Braun, is like visiting a dear friend.”
The Music You Love Tells Me Who You Are
Ever been a bit judgey when you hear someone’s taste in music? Of course you have.
And you were right — music tells you a lot about someone’s personality.
Research has learned a great deal about the power of music:
- Your musical tastedoes accurately tell me about you, including your politics.
- Your musical taste is influenced by your parents.
- You love your favorite song because it’s associated with an intense emotional experience in your life.
- The music you enjoyed when you were 20 you will probably love for the rest of your life.
- And, yes, rockstars really do live fast and die young.
But enough trivia. It also turns out music affects your behavior — and much more than you might think.
Studies show music can lead you to drink more, spendmore, be kind, or even act unethically.
No, rock and heavy metal don’t lead people to commit suicide — but it’s possible that country music might:
The results of a multiple regression analysis of 49 metropolitan areas show that the greater the airtime devoted to country music, the greater the white suicide rate.
Music is so powerful it’s even possible to become addicted to music.
Eric Barker:What 10 things should you do every day to improve your life?
But can we really use scientific research on music to improve our lives? Absolutely.
Here are 9 ways:
1) Music Helps You Relax
Yes, research shows music is relaxing.
I know, I know, obvious, right? But what you might not know is the type of music that helps people relax best.
Need to chill out? Skip the pop and jazz and head for the classical.
Via Richard Wiseman’s excellent book 59 Seconds: Change Your Life in Under a Minute:
Blood pressure readings revealed that listening to pop or jazz music had the same restorative effect as total silence. In contrast, those who listened to Pachelbel and Vivaldi relaxed much more quickly, and so their blood pressure dropped back to the normal level in far less time.
(More things that relieve stress are here.)
2) Angry Music Improves Your Performance
We usually think of anger as something that’s just universally bad. But the emotion has positive uses too.
Anger focuses attention on rewards, increases persistence, makes us feel in control and more optimistic about achieving our goals.
When test subjects listened to angry music while playing video games, they got higher scores.
Via The Science of Sin: The Psychology of the Seven Deadlies (and Why They Are So Good For You):
What Tamir and her colleagues found was that people preferred to listen to the angry music before playing Soldier of Fortune. Faced with a task in which anger might serve a useful function, facilitating the shooting of enemies, participants opted for an anger boost. What’s more, listening to the angry music actually improved performance…
(More on how to boost productivity here.)
3) Music Reduces Pain
When ibuprofen isn’t doing the job, might be time to put on your favorite song.
Research shows it can reduce pain:
Preferred music was found to significantly increase tolerance and perceived control over the painful stimulus and to decrease anxiety compared with both the visual distraction and silence conditions.
(More research based tricks for reducing pain here.)
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4) Music Can Give You A Better Workout
What’s the best thing to have on your iPod at the gym?
The weight room is no place to try new genres. Playing your favorites can boost performance:
The performance under Preferred Music (9.8 +/- 4.6 km) was greater than under Nonpreferred Music (7.1 +/- 3.5 km) conditions. Therefore, listening to Preferred Music during continuous cycling exercise at high intensity can increase the exercise distance, and individuals listening to Nonpreferred Music can perceive more discomfort caused by the exercise.
(More ways to improve your health here.)
5) Music Can Help You Find Love
Want to get the interest of that special someone? Put on the romantic music.
Women were more likely to give their number to men after hearing love songs:
…the male confederate asked the participant for her phone number. It was found that women previously exposed to romantic lyrics complied with the request more readily than women exposed to the neutral ones.
(More on how science can make you a better kisser here.)
6) Music Can Save A Life
Do you know the proper way to give CPR chest compressions? Turns out timing is key.
And how can you best remember that timing during an emergency?
Sing “Stayin’ Alive” by the BeeGees. Yes, I’m serious:
…Dr. John Hafner of the University of Illinois College of Medicine in Peoria had 15 physicians and med students perform the 100-compression procedure (on mannequins) while listening to the Bee Gees classic “Stayin’ Alive.” As Hafner reports in the Journal of Emergency Medicine, their mean compression rate was an excellent 109.1. Five weeks later, they repeated the exercise while singing the song to themselves as a “musical memory aid.” Their mean rate increased to 113.2. The medical professionals reported that the “mental metronome” improved both “their technical ability and confidence in providing CPR.”
(More things that can improve your health and happiness here.)
7) Music Can Improve Your Work — Sometimes
Does music at the office make you work better or just distract you? It’s a much debated issue and the answer is not black and white.
For the most part, it seems music decreases work performance – but makes you happier while you work:
…a comparison of studies that examined background music compared to no music indicates that background music disturbs the reading process, has some small detrimental effects on memory, but has a positive impact on emotional reactions…
That said, a little bit of music can make you more creative. If you have ADHD, noise helps you focus:
Noise exerted a positive effect on cognitive performance for the ADHD group and deteriorated performance for the control group, indicating that ADHD subjects need more noise than controls for optimal cognitive performance.
And music with positive lyrics makes you more helpful and collaborative.
(More on what will make you successful here.)
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8) Use Music To Make You Smarter
There is a ton of evidence that music lessons improve IQ.
But there’s even research that sayslistening to classical music might boost brainpower as well:
Within 15 minutes of hearing the lecture, all the students took a multiple-choice quiz featuring questions based on the lecture material. The results: the students who heard the music-enhanced lecture scored significantly higher on the quiz than those who heard the music-free version.
(More on the most powerful way to easily get smarter here.)
9) Music Can Make You A Better Person
Need to soften someone’s heart? Maybe even your own?
Playing music can make you more compassionate:
In a year-long program focused on group music-making, 8- to 11-year old children became markedly more compassionate, according to a just-published study from the University of Cambridge. The finding suggests kids who make music together aren’t just having fun: they’re absorbing a key component of emotional intelligence.
Venezuela made music lessons mandatory. What happened? Crime went down and fewer kids dropped out of school:
A simple cost-benefit framework is used to estimate substantive social benefits associated with a universal music training program in Venezuela (B/C ratio of 1.68). Those social benefits accrue from both reduced school drop-out and declining community victimization. This evidence of important social benefits adds to the abundant evidence of individual gains reported by the developmental psychology literature.
(More on how to be a better person here.)
So music not only says a lot about you, it provides a myriad of easy ways to make your life better:
- Music Can Help You Relax
- Angry Music Improves Your Performance
- Music Reduces Pain
- Music Can Give You A Better Workout
- Music Can Help You Find Love
- Music Can Save A Life
- Music Can Improve Your Work — Sometimes
- Use Music To Make You Smarter
- Music Can Make You A Better Person
Most importantly: Music makes us feel good, and in the end, that’s worth a lot.
Speaking of music that makes you feel good, ever wondered what English sounds like to people who don’t speak it?
Then you’ll love this song.
“An Italian singer wrote this song with gibberish to sound like English. If you’ve ever wondered what other people think Americans sound like, this is it.”
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This piece originally appeared on Barking Up the Wrong Tree