Year Of Wonders Michael Mompellion Essaytyper

La retinosis pigmentaria es una enfermedad genética que engloba a un conjunto de enfermedades crónicas y degenerativas que afectan a la retina provocando la apoptosis de los fotorreceptores, inicialmente de los bastones (retina periférica) y, en fases avanzadas, también de los conos (retina central). El principal signo de la enfermedad es la presencia de depósitos oscuros en la retina.
Aparece de manera silenciosa y lenta en ambos ojos, y se tarda en acudir al especialista una media de 15 años desde que se inician los primeros síntomas de ceguera nocturna.

La edad de aparición es clave para su desarrollo, siendo más común entre los 25 y los 40 años. También se dan casos en menores de 20 y, menos frecuentemente, en mayores de 50.
Se puede estimar que existen en España 25.000 personas afectadas.
Existen varias formas de heredar la enfermedad, ya que, son muchos los genes que pueden provocarla, pero sólo en un 50% de los casos existen antecedentes familiares de ceguera o de grave pérdida de función visual. No obstante, existen factores ambientales que pueden favorecer o afectar a la progresión de la misma.

Síntomas inciales:
-Ceguera nocturna (dificultad de adaptación en condiciones de poca iluminación).

-Pérdida de campo periférico o visión en túnel.

Síntomas avanzados:
-Disminución de la agudeza visual.

-Fotopsias (destellos de luz)

-Dificultad en la percepción de colores y disminución del contraste


-Ceguera

Por suerte, menos del 25% de la población afectada, con una edad media de 47 años, sufren de ceguera total.
Pero algo muy curioso de esta afección es que la pérdida grave de visión no afecta a todas las personas por igual, incluso dentro de la misma familia, la enfermedad no tiene porqué tener un desarrollo similar.
A mayores, los pacientes con esta patología tiene riesgo de sufrir complicaciones tales como cataratas prematuras o edema macular.

En cuanto al tratamiento, a día de hoy no se conoce ninguno eficaz. Los mayores esfuerzos se centran en la posibilidad de un trasplante de retina pero, actualmente, no es posible debido a la complejidad del sistema ocular, pero se siguen realizando ensayos y pruebas en busca de una solución factible.
El uso de gafas de sol para proteger la retina de la luz ultravioleta puede ayudar a preservar la visión.

Ahora nos gustaría dejaros unos links que pueden ser de vuestro interés y qué, quizás, aporten algo nuevo a nuestro punto de vista:

Cómo es la visión de una persona con Retinosis Pigmentaria:

Cómo afecta esta patología en el día a día:

Blogpatologia ocular, retinosis pigmentaria. permalink.

Michael Mompellion

Character Analysis

We're not quite sure how to feel about Michael Mompellion. While he seems like an upstanding guy for the bulk of the novel, there are a few buzzer-beating revelations that completely change our understanding of his character.

Let's check it out.

The Perfect Preacher

At first, this dude busts every stereotype of a Puritan minister. He's non-judgmental. He's egalitarian. He always does the right thing. These qualities are most embodied in his suggestion that the villagers remain in Eyam after the plague strikes: he thinks they should remain to deal with what God is dishing out and to keep others safe. He also works hard to help the community in the aftermath of the decision: he doesn't just talk about religion—he lives it.

Mompellion exhausts himself keeping Eyam together as the plague takes hold. Someone needs a preacher? He's on his way. Someone needs a grave dug? Mompellion to the rescue. In fact, there are times when Elinor and Anna don't tell him about the villagers' requests because they fear he'll work himself to death.

A Changed Man

The big turning point in Mompellion's life is the death of his wife, Elinor, in the latter half of the novel. With the plague finally gone, it should be a time of celebration in the village, but Mompellion is so grief-stricken that he becomes a recluse. He even turns against religion: "I thought I spoke for God. My whole life, all I have done, all I have said, all I have felt, has been based upon a lie. Untrue in everything" (3.15.89).

How could someone so devout turn on a dime like that?

And then, of course, there's his encounter with Anna. Anna has long been attracted to the preacher, and with Elinor dead, she can no longer resist. They make love multiple times, and everything seems perfect—at first.

That's when the real bombshell is dropped. Mompellion reveals that he withheld sex from Elinor throughout their entire relationship to punish her for her past sexual transgressions. Here's what he says:

"I deemed that she should atone by living some part of her life with her lusts unrequited. The more I could make her love me, the more her penance might weight in the balance to equal her sin." (3.15.81)

The truly nasty part is that Michael makes Elinor fall in love with him in order to cause her pain. It's sadistic. This changes our perception of Mompellion: rather than simply a kind-hearted man of God, he starts to look more like a heartless zealot with little empathy for others.

Although Mompellion ultimately claims to have reformed thanks to Anna, we're not certain that we believe him—the dude already misled us about his character once before. In the eternal words of The Who, we won't get fooled again.

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